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- Sperm Morphology
- Sperm Motlility
- Sperm Quantity?
- Increases Pregnancy Rates
Spermatogenesis or the production of sperm takes approximately 74 days or 10 weeks. Each sperm consists of a head, mid piece and tail. The head contains the genetic material, the mid piece produces the energy required for all the swimming and the tail to propel the sperm towards the egg. The sperm is produced in the testis and then the sperm is moved into the epididymis where it matures. The sperm remain in the epididymis between 2 and 10 days. If the sperm is not ejaculated it dies and is reabsorbed by the body.
During ejaculation, the sperm is mixed with semen (from the prostate and seminal vesicles) and is released into the female’s body. Sperms have the ability to “smell” the egg and to reach the egg, the sperm must first survive the acidic environment of the vagina, swim though the cervix into the uterus, into the correct Fallopian tube to find the egg. When the sperms reach the egg, they require enzymes and a lot of energy to penetrate the egg. Only one sperm will be allowed to penetrate the egg and to release its genetic material to fertilise the egg.
If not enough normal sperm is produced, the male will not be able to fertilise a woman.
Because it takes a long time for sperm to be produced, the probability is good that sperm will be damaged during the production period.
The following factors may also influence sperm production and quality
- Excessive alcohol use
- Substance abuse
- Environmental exposure to chemicals and metals
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Testicular overheating (for example wearing tight underpants and taking hot baths)
- Exposure to radiation
- Vigorous exercise and malnutrition
- Physiological deficiencies and some diseases
That is why your doctor will recommend a semen analysis if you your partner struggles to conceive. The embryologist/andrologist will inform you to abstain for at least three days before delivering a sample for analysis. They will analyse your semen/sperm against known parameters (See table)
|Sperm volume||> 1.5 milliliter (ml)|
|Concentration or sperm count (How many sperms)||Minimum of 20 million sperm per ml|
|Motility (How many swim)||> 50%|
|Morphology (shape of sperm)||WHO >30%
Kruger criteria >More than 4%
|Vitality (how many is dead and how many alive)||60% must be motile or alive|
|DNA Fragmentation (To see how many DNA is normal)||< 30%|
Statistics at fertility clinics indicate that Male infertility is increasing. In order to improve the concentration (sperm count) and the quality of sperm, males should identify and avoid environmental exposure, adapt their lifestyle and change to a balanced diet.
Sometimes all the above is not enough and males need a supplement that will provide specific nutrients at the correct dosage required during the production and maturation process of the sperms. More is not necessary better. High dosages of multivitamins and minerals may have a negative effect on the production and maturation of sperms.
Delfran, as a specialist fertility company developed Sperm-I-Prove with the assistance of world leading sperm and fertility specialists. Sperm-I-Prove capsules contains the correct combination of Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Folic acid and Zinc that is required during the production and development of sperm and their antioxidant effect protects the sperm against damage from oxidants.
Sperm-I-Prove contain 60 capsules per container. Sperm-I-Prove should be used for at least three months (require 3 containers) to allow new quality sperm to be produced. Normally your specialist will request another semen/sperm analysis to confirm an improvement in sperm quality. If the results are positive, it will improve the chance that your partner will become pregnant and it is recommended that Sperm-I-Prove be taken during this period as well to maintain the production of quality sperm and to protect the sperm maturing in the epididymis.
Specifically developed to help sperm motility and morphology. Has been shown to significantly improve pregnancy rates: