Look after your baby even before he is conceived.
Pregnapil provides nutritional support before conception, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- Vitamin A 1000IU: Essential for normal function of the retina, particularly for visual adaption to darkness. Other forms (retinol,retinoic acid) are necessary to maintain the structural and functional integrity of epithelial tissue and immune system, cellular differentiation and proliferation and bone growth. Vitamin A may act as a cofactor in biochemical reactions.
- Thiamine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B1) 5mg: Thiamine functions as a coenzyme in the oxidative decarboxylation of alpha ketoacids (involved in energy production) and in the transketolase reaction of the pentose phosphate pathway (involved in carbohydrate metabolism). Thiamine is also important in nerve transmission (independently of coenzyme function).
- Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) 2mg: Riboflavin functions as a component of two flavin coenzymes-flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). It participates in oxidation-reduction reactions in numerous metabolic pathways and in energy production. Examples include the oxidation of glucose, certain amino acids and fatty acids; reactions with several intermediaries of the Krebs cycle; conversion of pyridoxine to its active coenzyme; and conversion of tryptophan to niacin. Riboflavin has a role as an antioxidant. It may be involved in maintaining the integrity of erythrocytes.
- Nicotinamide (Vitamin B3)15mg: As a vitamin, niacin functions as a component of two coenzymes, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide diphosphate (NADP). These coenzymes participate in many metabolic processes including glycolysis, tissue respiration, lipid, amino acid and purine metabolism.
- Calcium D Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) 5mg: Pantothenic acid functions mainly as a component of coenzyme A and acyl carrier protein. Coenzyme A has a central role as a cofactor for enzymes involved in the metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins; it is also required for the synthesis of cholesterol, steroid hormones, acetylcholine and porphyrins. As a component of acyl carrier protein, pantothenic acid is involved in various transfer reactions and in the assembly of acetate units into longer-chain fatty acids.
- Pyridoxide Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6) 5mg: Vitamin B6 is converted in erythrocytes to pyridoxal phosphate and, to a lesser extent, pyridoxamine phosphate. It acts as a cofactor for enzymes that are involved in more than 100 reactions affecting protein, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Pyridoxal phosphate is also present in the synthesis of several neurotransmitters; the metabolism of several vitamins (e.g. the conversion of tryptophan to niacin); and hemoglobin and sphingosine formation.
- Vitamin B12 5ug: Vitamin B12 is active in the recycling of folate coenzymes and the degradation of valine. It is also required for nerve myelination, cell replication, haematopoiesis and nucleoprotein synthesis.
- Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) 80mg The functions of Vitamin C are based mainly on its properties as a reducing agent. It is required for the formation of collagen and other organic constituents of the intercellular matrix in bone, teeth and capillaries; and the optimal activity of several enzymes. Vitamin C also acts as an antioxidant (reacting directly with aqueous free radicals), which is important in the protection of cellular function and to enhance the intestinal absorption of non-haem iron.
- Vitamin D3 500IU: Vitamin D is essential for promoting the absorption and utilization of calcium and phosphorus and normal calcification of the skeleton. Along with parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin, it regulates serum calcium 1000 IU concentration by altering serum calcium and phosphate blood levels as needed, and mobilising calcium from bone. It maintains neuromuscular function and various other cellular processes, including the immune system and insulin production.
- Vitamin E 10IU: Vitamin E is an antioxidant, protecting polyunsaturated fatty acids in membranes and other critical cellular structures from free radicals and products of oxidation. It works in conjunction with dietary selenium (a cofactor for glutathione peroxidase), and also with vitamin C and other enzymes, including superoxide dismutase and catalase.
- Folic Acid 500ug: Folates are involved in a number of single carbon transfer reactions, especially in the synthesis of purines and pyrimidines (and hence the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), glycine and methionine. They are also involved in some amino acid conversations and the formation and utilisation of format. Deficiency leads to impaired cell division (effects most noticeable in rapidly regenerating tissues).
- Biotin 100ug: Biotin functions as an integral part of the enzymes that transport carboxyl units and fix carbon dioxide. Biotin enzymes are important in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, and are involved in gluconeogenesis, fatty acid synthesis, propionate metabolism and the catabolism of amino acids.
- Calcium (elemental) 100mg: Calcium plays a structural role in bones and teeth and is essential for cellular structure, blood clotting, muscle contraction, nerve transmission, enzyme activation and hormone function.
- Copper (elemental) 1mg: Copper functions as an essential component of several enzymes (e.g. Digoxin: superoxide dismutase) and other proteins. It plays a role in bone formation and mineralisation, and in the integrity of the connective tissue of the cardiovascular system. Copper has pro-oxidant effects in vitro but antioxidant effects in vivo; there is accumulating evidence that adequate copper is required to maintain antioxidant effects within the body.
- Iron (elemental) 24mg Iron is a component of haemoglobin, myoglobin and many enzymes that are involved in a variety of metabolic functions, including transport and storage of oxygen, the electron transport chain, DNA synthesis and catecholamine metabolism.
- Magnesium (elemental) 50mg: Magnesium is an essential cofactor for enzymes requiring adenosis triphosphate (ATP) (these are involved in glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation and amino acid metabolism). It is also required for the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (RNA) and replication of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA); neuromuscular transmission; and calcium metabolism.
- Manganese (elemental) 3mg: Manganese activates several enzymes, including hydroxylases, kinases, decarboxylases and transferases. It is also a constituent of several dismutase, which protects cells from free radical attack. It may have a role in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and in calcium mobilisation.
- Potassium (elemental) 1mg: (elementary)
- Selenium (elemental) 10ug: (elementary)
- Zinc (elemental) 5mg: (elementary)
- Inositol 120mg: Plays an important role as the structural basis for a number of secondary messengers in eukaryotic cells, including inositol phosphates, phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) lipids.
The other ingredients are:
Magnesium Stearate, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Silicon Dioxide
DOSAGE AND DIRECTIONS
Take one capsule in the morning with a meal. Take Pregnapil Plus 2 hours before or after having taken other medication. Do not exceed recommended dosage.